Sanguinaria canadensis, or Bloodroot, is one of our most prized native American woodland wildflowers. Erupting from the ground in early spring, it always comes as a bit of a surprise to me when I first spot Bloodroot because the ornamental green foliage and white, anemone-like blooms arrive simultaneously. The leaves are rolled when they first emerge, and then they slowly unfurl; the pristine white flowers with yellow centers stand from six to eight inches high. Bloodroot is the common name of Sanguinaria canadensis and is derived from its botanical name - sanguine, meaning consisting of or relating to blood - and the roots and stems do indeed contain orange-red sap. I once read that Bloodroot is slow to spread from seed because as the seeds fall, ants immediately carry them away. This may not always be the case, but I have witnessed it. Bloodroot is long lived and demands a moist, partial shade, and rich, humusy soil. The flowers of Bloodroot only last for a few days, but even so, it is prized for its ethereal effect in both the woodland garden and rock gardens. Zones 3-8. Quarts.